forexinfo-news.com › derivatives. Under MiFID, many entities trading commodity derivatives are able to rely on exemptions to avoid the need for authorisation as an investment firm. MiFID II will. A derivative is. MBMAX FOREX FACTORY Conversations are protected by high-security encryption click Cancel. Supports Windows7 x64. Robust film which on the different with start and.
Under MiFID, many entities trading commodity derivatives are able to rely on exemptions to avoid the need for authorisation as an investment firm. MiFID II will severely restrict those exemptions and will have a significant impact on firms that currently rely on them. A firm will no longer be able to rely on this exemption in relation to commodity derivatives, EUAs or derivatives on EUAs. It will only be applicable to activities in relation to commodity derivatives, EUAs or derivatives on EUAs and will only be available to firms which:.
Those relying on this exemption must notify the relevant Member State competent authority on an annual basis that they make use of this exemption, and the relevant Member State competent authority may request details of the basis on which they consider they have met these conditions. There will however be carve outs available in relation to certain intra-group trades, derivatives entered into for hedging purposes and derivative and EUA trades entered into as part of a liquidity provision obligation.
Trades entered into as principal by an entity in the group that is authorised in accordance with MiFID II can also be excluded. The sum of all ancillary activity carried out in the EU must be below both of these thresholds for the exemption to be relied upon. ESMA also proposes to establish a de-minimis threshold whereby a person whose trading activity constitutes less than 0. ESMA has proposed a three year rolling average test with firms to start collecting data from onwards. MiFID II also contains a new exemption for operators with compliance obligations under the Emissions Trading Directive 5 where, when dealing in EUAs, such persons do not execute client orders or provide any investment services or perform any investment activities other than dealing on own account, provided they do not apply a high frequency algorithmic trading technique.
There are also exemptions for electricity and gas transmission system operators. Those commodity firms that currently rely on any of the exemptions in MiFID would be well advised to revisit and update their previous analysis. In particular, the new ancillary exemption will make it difficult for a regulated group to have an unregulated commodity derivative trading subsidiary and the removal of the commodity dealer exemption will put significant pressure on the agency trading structure that is used by many commodities groups and which allows a regulated entity to trade as agent on behalf of unregulated group companies.
Where a firm is no longer able to rely on a MiFID II exemption as a result of the changes, it will need to become authorised to carry out the relevant MiFID II business and comply with the applicable rules relating to organisation, conduct and capital. For more information on these requirements please see our other briefings. Even if an entity is able to continue to rely on an exemption, there are several important provisions in MiFID II and MiFIR that have a broader scope of application than just investment firms and the trading venues on which derivatives and EUAs are traded.
These include the new obligation to trade certain derivatives on a regulated market RM , multilateral trading facility MTF or OTF or certain equivalent third country venues, as discussed in our briefing note on trading venues and market infrastructure. MiFID II and MIFIR impose a number of key changes aimed at reducing systemic risk, combating disorderly trading and reducing speculative activity in commodity derivatives markets through the imposition of new position limit and management powers by trading venues and national regulators and the grant of additional intervention powers to ESMA.
The competent authority of each Member State will impose limits on the size of the net position which a person can hold in commodity derivatives traded on an EU trading venue and economically equivalent OTC contracts. They will apply to all positions held both by a person and on its behalf at an aggregate group level.
Where the same commodity derivative is traded in significant volumes on trading venues in more than one jurisdiction, a single position limit may be set by the competent authority of the jurisdiction where the largest volume of trading takes place.
Position limits will not apply to positions held by or on behalf of a non-financial entity and which are objectively measurable as reducing risks directly related to the commercial activity of that non-financial entity. These cover areas including the methodology which the Member State competent authorities should use to set position limits, the type of contracts which position limits will apply to and permissible aggregation and netting for the purposes of calculating a position.
Position limits will be set for the spot month and all other months and will apply to both cash settled and physically settled commodity derivatives. The operator of a trading venue for commodity derivatives will also have to apply position management controls.
These will include powers to monitor open interest positions; access information about the size and purpose of a position or exposure entered into, the beneficial or underlying owners, any concert arrangements and any related assets or liabilities in the underlying market; require a person to terminate or reduce a position on a temporary or permanent basis; and, where appropriate, require a person to provide liquidity back into the market. The imposition of position limits and management controls will be a Member State responsibility and will be handled by the relevant competent authorities, although ESMA will be responsible for facilitating and coordinating national measures, including by publishing summaries of the position limits and management controls applied by competent authorities and trading venues on its website.
The relevant Member State competent authority and ESMA will publish a list of commodity derivative contracts traded on an EU trading venue and OTC contracts that are economically equivalent to them for the purposes of position limits. MiFID II introduces position reporting for commodity derivatives, EUAs and derivatives thereof such that each trading venue is required to make public a weekly report of the aggregated positions held by the different categories of position holders investment firms or credit institutions, investment funds, other financial institutions, commercial undertakings or, in the case of EUAs or derivatives thereof, operators with compliance obligations under the Emissions Trading Directive for the different contracts traded on that trading venue.
These will specify the number of long and short positions held by such categories, changes since the previous report, the percentage of total open interest represented by each category and the number of position holders in each category, when both the number of position holders and their open positions exceed minimum thresholds. The format to be used in respect of each commodity derivative is set out in the draft ITS.
There is also a separate obligation on the trading venue to provide its Member State competent authority on at least a daily basis with a breakdown of the positions of all position holders, including the members or participants and their clients on that trading venue. Investment firms trading in commodity derivatives, EUAs and derivatives thereof outside a trading venue must, on a daily basis, provide the relevant Member State competent authority with a breakdown of their positions in commodity derivatives traded on a trading venue and economically equivalent OTC contracts, as well as those of their clients and the clients of those clients until the end client is reached.
The format is set out in the draft ITS. In order to monitor compliance with position limits, members or participants of RMs, MTFs and clients of OTFs will have to report to the operator of the trading venue details of their positions held through contracts traded on that trading venue, as well as those of their clients and the clients of those clients until the end client is reached.
MiFIR provides ESMA with position management powers allowing it to request all relevant information from any person regarding the size and purpose of a position or exposure entered into via a derivative. Having analysed this information, ESMA may require such persons to reduce the size of or to eliminate their position or exposure or, as a last resort, to limit the ability of a person from entering into a commodity derivative.
ESMA can only take these steps if two conditions are satisfied: i there is a threat to the orderly functioning and integrity of the financial markets, including commodity derivative markets and including in relation to delivery arrangements for physical commodities, or to the stability of the whole or part of the EU financial system; and ii a Member State competent authority has not taken measures, or the measures taken are inadequate, to address such threat.
ESMA must ensure that any measure it takes neither creates a risk of regulatory arbitrage nor has a disproportionate detrimental effect on the efficiency of financial markets. As part of this, ESMA must consult the Member State competent authorities and certain other bodies responsible for the physical markets.
Any measures must be published on ESMA's website and be reviewed at least every three months. In addition, ESMA will have powers of supervision and intervention in relation to the marketing, distribution and sale of financial instruments or types of financial activity or practice. The Susan Harwood Training Grants will assist employers in identifying and eliminating workplace health and safety hazards.
Non-financial counterparties are those that meet the clearing threshold conditions in Article 10 1 b of EMIR. Are there other conditions for determining which OTC derivatives are caught? ESMA will regularly monitor the activity in derivatives which have not been declared subject to the trading obligation.
This will allow ESMA to identify cases where a particular class of contracts may pose systemic risk and to prevent regulatory arbitrage between derivatives which are subject to the trading obligation and those which are not. What are the requirements for the trading obligation to take effect? In order for the trading obligation to take effect, the relevant derivative must be admitted to trading on at least one trading venue.
In addition, there must be sufficient third-party buying and selling interest such that the derivative is considered sufficiently liquid to trade exclusively on the venue. When determining whether a derivative should be considered sufficiently liquid, the following criteria will be taken into account:. Yes, Systematic Internalizers SIs.
These are investment firms which, on an organized, frequent, systematic and substantial basis, deal on own account when executing client orders outside an RM, MTF or OTF without operating a multilateral system. An investment firm can only be an SI where all three conditions for a frequent, systematic and substantial basis are fulfilled. How is the frequent and systematic basis calculated? The frequent and systematic basis is measured by the number of over-the-counter OTC trades in the relevant financial instrument carried out by the investment firm on own account when executing client orders.
How is the substantial basis calculated? The substantial basis is measured by the size of the OTC trading carried out by the investment firm in relation to either the total trading of the investment firm or the total trading in the EU in a specified financial instrument. What reporting obligations will SIs have? SIs will be required to make public all firm quotes for both equity and non-equity financial instruments traded on a trading venue for which they are SIs and for which there is a liquid market.
How have reporting mechanisms been strengthened? MiFID II extends the scope of transaction reporting requirements to all financial instruments to ensure that the requirements mirror those of the Market Abuse Directive. These are in addition to reporting obligations for derivatives under EMIR. The MiFID II obligations require central counterparties and counterparties to report post-trade counterparty and common data to a trade repository.
A trade repository, an entity registered with ESMA, is mandated to report post-trade data to the competent authorities and make post-trade data public.